Command DOS

Berikut perintah-perintah dasar pada DOS dengan keterangannya, untuk penggunaannya pada dos ketik aja  /? dibelakang perintah DOS ini lalu akan tampil cara penggunaan beserta keterangannya, contoh:

C:\Attrib /?

Displays or changes file attributes.

ATTRIB [+R | -R] [+A | -A ] [+S | -S] [+H | -H] [drive:][path][filename]

[/S [/D]]

+ Sets an attribute.

Clears an attribute.

R Read-only file attribute.

A Archive file attribute.

S System file attribute.

H Hidden file attribute.

[drive:][path][filename]

Specifies a file or files for attrib to process.

/S Processes matching files in the current folder

and all subfolders.

/D Processes folders as well.

ASSOC

Displays or modifies file extension associations.

AT

Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.

ATTRIB

Displays or changes file attributes.

BREAK

Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.

CACLS

Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.

CALL

Calls one batch program from another.

CD

Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHCP

Displays or sets the active code page number.

CHDIR

Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHKDSK

Checks a disk and displays a status report.

CHKNTFS

Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.

CLS

Clears the screen.

CMD

Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.

COLOR

Sets the default console foreground and background colors.

COMP

Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.

COMPACT

Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.

CONVERT

Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.

COPY

Copies one or more files to another location.

DATE

Displays or sets the date.

DEL

Deletes one or more files.

DIR

Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.

DISKCOMP

Compares the contents of two floppy disks.

DISKCOPY

Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.

DOSKEY

Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.

ECHO

Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.

ENDLOCAL

Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.

ERASE

Deletes one or more files.

EXIT

Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).

FC

Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.

FIND

Searches for a text string in a file or files.

FINDSTR

Searches for strings in files.

FOR

Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.

FORMAT

Formats a disk for use with Windows.

FTYPE

Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.

GOTO

Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.

GRAFTABL

Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.

HELP

Provides Help information for Windows commands.

IF

Performs conditional processing in batch programs.

LABEL

Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.

MD

Creates a directory.

MKDIR

Creates a directory.

MODE

Configures a system device.

MORE

Displays output one screen at a time.

MOVE

Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.

PATH

Displays or sets a search path for executable files.

PAUSE

Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.

POPD

Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.

PRINT

Prints a text file.

PROMPT

Changes the Windows command prompt.

PUSHD

Saves the current directory then changes it.

RD

Removes a directory.

RECOVER

Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.

REM

Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.

REN

Renames a file or files.

RENAME

Renames a file or files.

REPLACE

Replaces files.

RMDIR

Removes a directory.

SET

Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.

SETLOCAL

Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.

SHIFT

Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.

SORT

Sorts input.

START

Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.

SUBST

Associates a path with a drive letter.

TIME

Displays or sets the system time.

TITLE

Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.

TREE

Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.

TYPE

Displays the contents of a text file.

VER

Displays the Windows version.

VERIFY

Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.

VOL

Displays a disk volume label and serial number.

XCOPY

Copies files and directory trees.

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